Agriculture is the process of cultivating crops and animals. Agriculture was perhaps the most important development in the development of sedentary, wealthy human society, where farming of domestic domesticated species made food surpluses which allowed people to live largely in cities. The history of agriculture begins thousands of years ago during ancient Greece. In the early years of the Common Era, the Greek city-states (the earliest known state) tried to feed their inhabitants by cultivating cereals, fruit and roots. By the fifth century AD, when Christianity became dominant in Greece, Greek farmers had learned the importance of irrigation to make their lands productive. With the decline of the Roman military power in the fourth century, agriculture declined as the land was taken over by the Franks, an ethnic group from central Europe.
Today agriculture is a very important part of the world’s economy. One in five jobs is involved in agriculture. Agriculture produces food, fuel and fabrics for human use. The world’s agricultural production constitutes about 65% of the world’s total economic activity. Many of the world’s farmers are farmers of oil, coal, timber, dairy, wheat, pork, poultry and fruits.
The world’s agricultural produce has increased steadily over the centuries as agriculture has been a world wide commercial enterprise. The increasing size of the farms, greater yielding in various crops (maize, sorghum, pulse, jute, legume, potato), and mechanization have all combined to increase the profitability of the world’s agricultural sector. In developing countries agriculture is still an integral part of the economy; however, the growth rate is decreasing because of the challenges of climate change and poverty. The expansion of scientific and computer technology, coupled with the adoption of advanced agricultural techniques, has helped farmers to adapt to these challenges.
agriculture has depended largely on science and technology. Agriculture is based on crop cultivation, horticulture, viticulties of the soil, fertilization and irrigation systems, pest control, agriculture statistics, and marketing strategies. Agriculture has developed mainly on the basis of science and on information obtained through scientific research. This has made agriculture a dynamic area which is continually changing. Advances in science and in computer technology have made agriculture more productive. The use of genetic engineering and other methods of genetic management have made pest control more efficient.
Agriculture has become an important producer of world food supply. It accounts for about 80% of the food that is eaten throughout the world. Agriculture is grouped into two areas: primary production, which includes animal products such as meat, milk, vegetables, fruits, and nuts; and secondary production, which includes plants, seeds, and animal products such as dairy products, poultry, and wool.
agriculture is closely connected with the production of farm products. Agriculture is one of the world’s largest producers of food. Agriculture is a diversification of the natural resources that are used on a large scale to produce farm products. Agriculture not only produces food, but it also leads to the development of towns and cities as they provide the advances in technology that are necessary to grow and distribute farm products. The agricultural products that are produced by agriculture include fruits and vegetables, milk, grains, hay, fish, and poultry.
Agriculture is one of the world’s largest sources of renewable natural energy. In fact, agriculture generates the most electricity of any sector other than industrial manufacturing. Since agriculture is an important producer of farm products, the food market is generally supported by farm income. The global demand for food is continuously growing and this demand is likely to increase in the future. Agriculture helps stabilise prices and ensures that the farmers receive a fair return on their agricultural investments.
The food industry provides employment to millions of people worldwide. With the demand for agricultural products expected to steadily rise in the future, there is an increasing need for trained agriculturalists to support this growing need. Agriculture contributes significantly to the world’s food supply and helps create a healthier and wealthier society.
agriculture | farm | products} Agriculture is one of the world’s oldest industries. In ancient times, farmers discovered that planting trees and grass would make their plants grow faster and that they could also provide other benefits too. Today, agriculture is an important force in maintaining the world’s food supply. As global trade continues to improve, the importance of agriculture will no doubt become more pronounced.